Kyoto Protocol

/kiˈoʊtoʊ ˌproʊtəkɒl/ (say kee'ohtoh .prohtuhkol)

an international agreement setting out national targets for the limitation of greenhouse gas emissions, formulated at a meeting in Kyoto, Japan, in 1997, pursuant to the objectives of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change of 1992; ratified by many countries including Japan, the European Union, and (in 2007) Australia, but not by the US, China or Russia.
The Kyoto Protocol was an international response to the need to reduce the threat of global warming by air pollution. Under the agreement, developed countries committed to reduce emissions of six key greenhouse gases by an average of at least five per cent and the emission targets were to be achieved by 2008–12. Flexibility in the agreement allowed more greenhouse gas emission in return for the planting of more trees, or demonstration that the country had reduced emission in another country, for instance through emission trading. Australia's ratification of the protocol was the first act of the new Rudd Labor government in December 2007. See also greenhouse gas.

Australian English dictionary. 2014.

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